Note: Installing spring plates is a very dangerous task and should never be attempted by an amateur or without using the proper installation tools. If you are not a competent mechanic - DO NOT ATTEMPT TO INSTALL!!!
There are two basic types of classic VW suspensions (not including Bus models):
a. Twin spring plate type
b. Single spring plate type
Note that the IRS spring plate is a lot shorter than the swing axle. Make sure that you differentiate whether your IRS has the twin plates or just the single. That’s all there is to it! Well not exactly. It turns out that different years of vehicles used different lengths of torsion bars. But only three:
So that’s it. All that you need to know to order the right set of Drop/Raise Plates is your suspension type and the length of your torsion bar. Of course you will need to specify if you have a bus.
What are the differences?
The difference between swing axle and IRS is that swing axle suspensions actually use the axle as a suspension component, whereas IRS used the combination of the spring plate and arm as the pivoting suspension components and the only function of the axle is to deliver power (figure 4).
Any VW up to 1968 were swing axle suspensions. Anything after 1968 that is an an air-cooled suspension (411 models excluded) is IRS. Years 1968 - 1971 IRS used the twin spring plates, and after that they switched to single spring plates. Keep in mind that all of the changes happened on the 6th month of the year, so for example you could have a 1968 that was made in January and it would still have a swing axle suspension, however your buddy could have a 1968 that was made in June but would be IRS. So it is important to visually verify your suspension.
The following is only accurate for US models:
ALL models up to 1959 were only swing axle and used 24 11/16” length torsion bars. All IRS models 1968 to 1972 used twin spring plates. After 1973 all models were IRS using only a single spring plate. Torsion bar length on IRS varies according to type.
1959 to 1968 Bugs and Ghias were all swing axles and used 21 3/4” length torsion bars.
Figure 1: IRS with 26 9/16 Torsion Bar
Figure 2: Swing Axle with 21 3/4 Torsion Bar
Figure 4: Comparison, Swing Axle vs IRS
Figure 3: IRS single spring plate for 21 3/4 Torsion Bar
Type 3s up to 1968 used 24 11/16” length torsion bars and were swing axles. 1968 - 1971 used IRS twin plates with 26 9/16” length torsion bars. 1971 and up use single IRS plates with 26 9/16” length torsion bars.
1969 and later Bugs and Ghias used 26 9/16” length torsion bars and were all IRS.
Thing Models were all IRS and used 24 11/16” length torsion bars.