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Note: Installing spring plates is a very dangerous task and should never be attempted by an amateur or without using the proper installation tools. If you are not a competent mechanic - DO NOT ATTEMPT TO INSTALL!!!

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Suspension Types

There are two basic types of classic VW suspensions (not including Bus models):

  1. Swing Axle
  2. IRS (independent rear suspensions)

               a. Twin spring plate type

               b. Single spring plate type

Note that the IRS spring plate is a lot shorter than the swing axle. Make sure that you differentiate whether your IRS has the twin plates or just the single. That’s all there is to it! Well not exactly. It turns out that different years of vehicles used different lengths of torsion bars. But only three:

  1. 21 3/4” (Torsion bar does not stick out)
  2. 24 11/16” (Torsion bar sticks our about 3”)
  3. 26 9/16” (Torsion bar sticks our about 5.5”)

So that’s it. All that you need to know to order the right set of Drop/Raise Plates is your suspension type and the length of your torsion bar. Of course you will need to specify if you have a bus.

What are the differences?

The difference between swing axle and IRS is that swing axle suspensions actually use the axle as a suspension component, whereas IRS used the combination of the spring plate and arm as the pivoting suspension components and the only function of the axle is to deliver power (figure 4).


Any VW up to 1968 were swing axle suspensions. Anything after 1968 that is an an air-cooled suspension (411 models excluded) is IRS (with the exception of some rare European models). Years 1968 - 1971 IRS used the twin spring plates, and after that they switched to single spring plates. Keep in mind that all of the changes happened on the 6th month of the year, so for example you could have a 1968 that was made in January and it would still have a swing axle suspension, however your buddy could have a 1968 that was made in June but would be IRS. So it is important to visually verify your suspension.

The following is only accurate for US models:

Models up to 1959 were only swing axle and used 24 11/16” length torsion bars.

1959 to 1968 bugs were all swing axles and used 21 3/4”  length torsion bars.

Figure 1: IRS with 26 9/16 Torsion Bar

Figure 2: Swing Axle with 21 3/4 Torsion Bar

Figure 4: Comparison, Swing Axle vs IRS

Figure 3: IRS single spring plate for 21 3/4 Torsion Bar

Type 3s used 24 11/16” length torsion bars up to 1968. 1968 - 1971 used IRS twin plates with 26 9/16” length torsion bars. 1971 and up use single IRS plates with 26 9/16” length torsion bards.

1969 and later models (Things excluded) used 26 9/16” length torsion bars and were all IRS.

All IRS models up to 1972 used twin spring plates. After 1973 all models were IRS using only a single spring plate.

Thing Models were all IRS and used 24 11/16” length torsion bars.